Chkheidze Veronique
დაბადების თარიღი : 1909-05-19
გარდაცვალების თარიღი : 1986-07-02
სქესი : ქალი
ეროვნება : Georgian
აღმსარებლობა :
მეტსახელი :
ფსევდონიმი :
დაბადების ადგილი :
გარდაცვალების ადგილი :
საცხოვრებელი ადგილი :
სოციალური წარმოშობა : Citizen
სტატუსი : Serviceman
განათლება : Special
პროფესია : Accountant
პარტია :
თანამდებობა :
რეპრესია :
ორგანიზაცია :

Veronique Chkheidze (familiarly called Lialia or Lala) was born in Petrograd on May 19, 1909 to

Alexandra Taganova (X-1943) and Nikoloz Chkheidze (known as Karlo) member of the Duma

(representing Georgia), and has two older sisters, Nata and Lidusi, and a brother, Stanislav. She

shares her childhood between the capital of the tsarist empire, Tiflis and Pouti, a small village in

Imereti where her father's aristocratic family had ties.

She has a bad memory of the period of 1917. In April, her brother is killed by handling a firearm.

Everything is lacking in Petrograd and life is difficult for families, not only for daily supplies, but also

for street protests. She sees very little of her father (Chairman of the Executive Committee of the

Soviet from February to October), who spends his time in political meetings and harangues

protesters pushed by the Bolsheviks.

From November 1917 to January 1919, she joins Tiflis and found a more favorable climate, especially

for her studies. Yet his father is again very busy: the disputes between Armenians, Azeris and

Georgian nationalists invade the Transcaucasian space and sometimes also the family life at random


In January 1919, she leaves with her parents in Paris (her father, president of the National Council of

Georgia, is sent to represent Georgia at the Peace Conference). She discovered, at 10 years, not only

Paris, but Versailles, London and Rome where the diplomatic missions lead his father.

Then she returns to Tiflis for about twenty months. In front of the advance of the Red Army on the

Georgian territory, she embarked with her parents on March 17, 1921 in Batumi, aboard a boat

towards Constantinople, leaving her two sisters.

From the summer of 1922, she lives at the Georgian House in Leuville-sur-Orge (25 kilometers from

Paris): she rediscovers France and studies in a private pension near the town of Montlhery. She is

friend with other young Georgians, Mariam Barnovi (who will become Melua's wife), Tamara

Kakheladze (who will become Takaichvili’wife) and Victor Homerikii (son of the former Minister of

Agriculture). She knows a few years of adaptation and learns to master the French language, just as

she masters the Russian language. She is upset when her friend Viktor (familiarly called Vitia)

discovers on June 7, 1926 that his father slit his throat with a razor (Karlo, transported to Paris, dies a

few days later).

She leaves to live in Paris with her mother Alexandra and knows particularly difficult living conditions:

only the help of the Eligulashvili family allows them to subsist. She will never come back to the

Georgian House of Leuville-sur-Orge. Her adult life will be far from Georgian emigration.

Veronique starts working as a secretary and learns accounting. She will do her work in several

companies, textile activities, import / export activities (caviar for example).

In the 1930s she married with Anatole de Grassmann (1901-1962), of Baltic origin, former cadet of

the Russian army of Nicholas II: he was a taxi driver, then the Andre Citroen’s driver (a French

manufacturer) and a driver in the company Citroen in the 1950s. They live in Paris, 23 rue Benard,

with Alexandra, and have no children.

In the late 1940s and during the 1950s, they used to vacation in Saint-Germain-les-Arpajon, a village

at a few kilometers from Leuville-sur-Orge, in a Georgian family. Colonel Simon Tsereteli (1870-

1951), his godfather of Orthodox religion, friend of Karlo Chkheidze, meets her once a year. She

becomes the godmother of the children of the family, Luka, Mirian and Elen; Orthodox baptism is

celebrated by the Georgian father Nicholas Zabakhidze; the celebration (“supra”) is chaired

(“tamada”) by Irakli Tsereteli (1881-1959), former Russian and Georgian minister, who remained

close to her before leaving for the United States.

In 1962, after the death of her husband Anatole de Grassmann, she decided to buy a funeral

concession in the Georgian square of the French Cemetery of Leuville-sur-Orge, for him and for her,

wishing to maintain the graves of his parents in the Pere Lachaise cemetery in Paris, given the

historical dimension of his father.

She has a fragile health and falls ill in the early 1980s. Veronique asks not to see anyone and dies in a

hospital in Paris, at 54-56 Pascal Street, July 2, 1986. She is buried alongside her husband Anatole de